Friday, November 18, 2011

ANADARKO takes on new drillship for Mozambique

Anadarko (APC) has extended its contract for the Belford Dolphin drillship for a full four years and has taken usage of a new-build drillship from Fred Olsen Energy.  Both drillships are to be used off for further exploration off Mozambique.  Sounds to me like Anadarko are proposing to drill far more than a half dozen wells, if they are wanting two full-time drillships off Mozambique.

Dolphin Drilling Ltd., a subsidiary of Fred. Olsen, has entered into contracts for the provision of the drillship Belford Dolphin (UDW drillship) and its newbuild drillship under construction by Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) with Anadarko Petroleum Corporation (APC). The contracts are each for four years and are expected to be in support of Anadarko's future long term drilling programmes offshore Mozambique.
The Belford Dolphin contract will commence January 1, 2012 in direct continuation of its existing contract with APC which had previously been scheduled to continue to April 2013. The value for the Belford Dolphin contract is approximately $701 million.
The four year term of the newbuild drillship contact will begin on commencement of operations offshore Mozambique expected in the fourth quarter 2013 following delivery by HHI and mobilization to Mozambique. The newbuild drillship contract value is approximately $727 million including a mobilization fee of $15 million. In connection with the newbuild contract it will be invested in a second BOP, estimated to USD 35 million.  Source RIGZONE

Saturday, November 12, 2011

ENI confirm four more wells to be drilled in Area 4

I had expected news to trickle out regarding an expansion and acceleration to ENI's Mozambique exploration, but hadn't thought it would be quite to so quick.  As the link through to yesterday's article in RIGZONE highlights, ENI are now saying that they will drill four more wells in Area 4 and are preparing to make an investment of $50 Billion in bringing the gas to market.
The mere fact that the company is already negotiating with the Government of Mozambique and talking of employing up to 40,000 people suggests that they expect the find to grow considerably in scale.  The two most levered plays on all of this are Cove Energy and Galp - but it is Galp, not Cove, that owns directly into the Area 4 find(s?).

Friday, November 11, 2011

GALP: a stumble on the runway

GALP €13.40 (GALP PL, GALP:LS)  market Cap €11Bn = US$15Bn

Portuguese integrated oil company with domestic refining monopoly at home and some awesome exploration assets offshore Brazil and Mozambique. A great growth play, but suffers from some naivety (ineptitude?) when it comes to telling their story: so let's help this not-so-little pig to fly.


  • Galp has just announced the entry of Sinopec into its Brazilian exploration assets, putting a pre-money valuation on those assets of $12.5bn, in line or slightly short of consensus.  But this crystallizes the group's NAV at circa €24 per share vs current market price of €13.40
  • Further drilling and appraisal of the Brazilian assets over the next year will probably boost the level of recoverable oil by at least 20% as tertiary recovery techniques get tested and as reservoir mapping becomes more precise. The company has four high-impact wells drilling over the next 4 months which could add materially to net reserves.
  • In the midst of the run-up to the Sinopec deal, and the on-going torment in Europe's periphery, Galp's partner in Mozambique (ENI) announced one of the biggest discoveries made by the industry in the past five years.  On the back of just the first discovery well the find is worth €0.60 per share to Galp, but a further well about to be spudded could multiply this valuation a number of times.
  • So not only is Galp at a 40%+ discount to its NAV, but that NAV is set to be materially increased over the coming months. This little pig should be awarded its wings.

Galp has its domestic refining and distribution business in Portugal: "boring and stuck in a recessionary peripheral and problematic Euro-zone country", you might well say. Kind of, but they are just coming to the end of a major refinery upgrade program, so that side is actually set to do better.  But it is their exploration business that is seriously interesting, and I would argue, very undervalued by the markets - even more so after this morning's bump in the road.  So what have they got, and what have they just done?

Exploration assets #1:  Brazil - Santos Basin
Galp is a junior partner in various offshore Brazilian licences operated by Petrobras.  They own 10% of the huge Bumi discovery (now called the Lula field), they own 10% of the Iara field, 20% of Jupiter and so on.  All in all net resources to them of some 3.5Bn boe which when risked comes down to about 1.9bn boe.  Back during the summer sell-side analysts had an NPV on these Brazilian assets of US$10-12Bn.  Galp's balance sheet already has a fair chunk of debt on it with a debt to equity of 105%, so with the development capex of these fields looming, Galp needed to find a way to finance their share of capex, which is estimated at roughly €2bn or $2.8bn.  Management decided to farm-down their stake and grouped all of the Brazilian assets into a specific vehicle and opened the door to bids.  This morning they officially announced the arrival of Sinopec as a partner in the business in a deal where Sinopec put in $5.2bn of debt and equity and get a 30% stake in Galp Brazil.

So why is the market miffed?  Galp state clearly that the pre-money valuation of the Brazilian assets is $12.5bn.  Some analysts had clearly been more optimistic on the valuation (Credit Suisse at $17bn and Bernstein at $15bn), but in fact the price is a couple of percent south of consensus.  Unfortunately the wording of the press release is such that it implies that the valuation of the deal post-money was $12.5bn, and hence 30% below the money. With Galp's senior management abroad signing the deal, there is basically no-one left in the shop to amend the linguistic mis-interpretation, but doubtless we will get more clarity over the next few days or weeks.

"Aha!" moment #1
Now the more perspicacious amongst you might ask why some of the brokers had such "high" asset valuations versus their peers, and this is where we get this pigs first "aha!".  In the Brazilian assets Galp has two principal partners, Petrobras and BG Group.  Both publish periodic assessments of what they reckon there is in the way of possible reserves at the bottom of these sub-salt wells every so often, with the boys from Brazil tending to be conservative in their assessment, whilst the Brits tend towards being shareholder-value orientated - aiming to tell what's really what.  So back in November 2010 BG upped its guidance for what it reckoned was the real numbers for potential reserves. (A quick point of fact, BG and Galp are involved together is Galp's two bigger assets, but not in others).  BG's assessment is based on 29 wells drilled to date, 19 drill stem-tests, pressure tests and initial prolonged flow rate tests at the Lula field: QED a serious amount of real data - not finger in the air analytics.  Petrobras have been saying that the recovery factor, ie the % of the reserves that they will actually be able to get up from the oil-fields, is expected to be around 30%.  BG's release points towards the recovery rate in fact being higher at 35%, but  at the same time, on the back of a much more detailed reservoir model for the big Bumi field, they bumped up the expected oil in place by 15%. What this means is that BG reckons that there is at least 20-25% more oil recoverable from the Bumi/Lula field, and if the same dynamics are true of the Iara field (also in the Santos Basin) then the recoverable reserves there could be almost 50% higher. I could waffle on about the potential impact of tertiary recovery techniques and the tests to start in that next year: but what the heck, that is just further upside, should it come through.  (in fact I will waffle further, but another day).

If this is the case, how come the Chinese didn't end up paying a higher price? Hmmm.  At the end of the day Galp is a forced seller.  They have to raise funds to cover the capex spend, which starts next year, and in the current market conditions there aren't that many players flush with cash.  What does need to be underlined is that GALP now enters a very active period of drilling with four high impact wells to be drilled offshore Brazil between now and end Q1'12.

Exploration Assets #2: Mozambique, Area 4.
Over the last couple of weeks ENI, the operator of this licence, has announced a massive gas discovery: and in frenzied bouts of Euro-phobia and in Galp's case the expectation built up ahead of the Sinopec/Brazil deal, the market seems to have ignored or passed over this discovery.  To put it simply, you will be hearing an awful lot more about Mozambique for two reasons: it looks as if a new world-scale gas-oil region has been uncovered; and secondly because it changes assumptions about how much and where Africa's energy frontiers are.  You might love Tullow for its opening up of West Africa and more recently French Guinea, but what they have in individual areas is dwarfed by the Area 4 find.

A bit of background: Mozambique, Portuguese speaking country in EAST Africa, just south of Tanzania, north of South Africa, and in front of Madagascar - found it? Over the last couple of years this new frontier has been opened up by Anadarko who along with junior partner Cove Energy (AIM listed COVE LN - up the Irish!, another little piglet to talk about at some point), made a series of finds in what is known as Area 1.

"Aha!" moment #2
As the map shows, the Anadarko consortium has made four gas discoveries and one oil discovery in the Area 1 zone to date. ENI and partners have the exploration licence to all of Area 4, and they completed their first well, Mamba South, announcing on the 20th October the discovery of a 15 tcf gas find - which by itself is big enough for a self sustaining LNG train.  15tcf equates to 2.6bn boe.  Then a week later they made a second announcement saying they had hit a further pay-zone and upped the estimate by 50% to 22,5bn tcf.  Furthermore they have gone on record saying they expect a recovery rate of 65-90%.  Add to this the fact that the well took just 30 days to drill and you have one very gas-rich territory making its entrĂ© to the world stage.  ENI are suggesting that Area 4 might be good for a total of 25-35bn tcf in all, i.e. an oil equivalent of 4-6bn boe, which at a 70% recovery rate equates to 3-4bn boe.  That suggests that the Area 4 find is equivalent to one of the larger Brazilian sub-salt fields, but one heck of a lot easier to extract and far closer to thirsty Asian markets.

The ENI rig is now getting ready to spud what is to be called Mamba-North, so results from that well should be through before year end.  Mamba North is very close by two key Anadarko/Cove discoveries: Barquentine and Windjammer, which suggests that there is a high possibility of another significant find.

Clearly these are very early days, but the key is that these wells are quick (30 days) and that ENI has accelerated their plans for Area 4.  I suspect we will soon hear of further wells to be drilled in the area during Q1'12.  So this zone will get proven up at a far quicker rate that was the case of the Santos Basin in Brazil.

We know from the presentations made by Cove Energy that the gas bearing sands are continuous and of high quality.  The Lagosta discovery 4km to the west of Mamba South has a pay-zone of 550 net feet (170m). ENI's first announcement talked of 212m of continuous high-quality Oligocene sands, suggesting that the gas-bearing strata is expanding to the east, ie into the Area 4 zone (for geology geeks: we are talking of a fan turbidite formation here).  Their second announcement was on a separate 90m of Eocene (older) sands, not picked up by Anadarko/Cove.  Given that the latter are already suggesting continuity between Windjammer and Lagosta, should ENI have success in Mamba North the implications are, well, highly significant.

So what did the GALP share price do on that back of all this: not a lot, in fact....Nothing.

"Aha!" moment #3
In the meantime a few analysts have started to beat the drum about what this means to GALP and ENI's NAVs, with Deutsche Bank quoting a Wood Mac analysis on a potential development of an LNG train in Mozambique.  On the basis of the first reported discovery the early stage valuation is €0.40/share for Galp, so taking in the second sands, €0.60.  But were ENI to hit gas in Mamba-North the volumetrics of the two finds quite simply multiply.  An interesting story to be following in the coming months.

Conclusion: PIG tripped on the runway - a great opportunity, because this pig will fly.